War & Peace
The church has set conditions for a just war which were not considered in the runup to the war of choice in Iraq . Both the Pope, personally and consistently, and the U.S. bishops opposed this war. They strongly urgedinternational approaches and advocated that the United Nations play a key role in resolving the conflict.
- On March 22, 2003 Pope John Paul II said "When war threatens humanity'ss destiny, as it does now in Iraq, it is even more urgent for us to proclaim with a loud and decisive voice that peace is the only way to build a more just and caring society. Violence and arms can never solve human problems."
- On January 12, 2004 , in an address to the Vatican diplomatic corps, the Pope further stated that "It is more urgent than ever to return to a more effective collective security that gives the United Nations Organization its proper place and role."
"We ask the risen Jesus, who turns death into life, to change hatred into love, vengeance into forgiveness, war into peace. Yes, Christ is our peace, and through him we implore peace for all the world." (—Pope Francis, Urbi et Orbi message, 3/31/13)